Orthopedics and Traumatology (Oncological Orthopedics)
What is Orthopedics and Traumatology (Onco-orthopedics)?
Onco-orthopedics is a specialized field of medicine that focuses on the treatment of cancerous bone and soft tissue. Physicians working in this field are experts in treating bone and joint problems caused by cancers such as bone tumors, soft tissue tumors, and metastatic bone disease.
Onco-orthopedics performs surgical interventions for bone and soft tissue cancers. These interventions include tumor removal, placement of bone or joint prostheses, and reconstruction and repair of bones. Onco-orthopedics also specializes in the treatment of bone problems that arise after chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
As a result, onco-orthopedics helps to improve patients' mobility and quality of life during the cancer treatment process.
Which diseases are treated in the Oncologic Orthopedics Unit?
The following treatments are applied in the oncological orthopedics unit for bone and soft tissue cancers:
• Cancerous bone tumors: Bone tumors such as osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma are treated in the oncological orthopedics unit.
• Soft tissue tumors: Soft tissue tumors such as leiomyosarcoma, pleomorphic sarcoma, liposarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma are treated in the oncological orthopedics unit.
• Metastatic bone disease: Bone metastases that occur as a result of cancer spreading from another region to the bones are treated in the oncological orthopedics unit.
• Bone infections: Bone infections such as chronic osteomyelitis are treated in the oncological orthopedics unit.
• Bone injuries: Bone fractures, deformities, and other injuries are treated in the oncological orthopedics unit.
Doctors in the oncological orthopedics unit treat patients using surgical methods, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and other treatment methods.
What Are the Treatments in Oncologic Orthopedics?
Oncologic orthopedic treatments involve various methods for the treatment of cancerous bone and soft tissues. The treatment option may vary depending on factors such as the type, location, spread of the disease, and the patient's overall health. Some common oncologic orthopedic treatments include:
• Surgical treatment: Procedures such as the removal of cancerous tumors, repair of bones, or placement of joint prostheses are performed by oncologic orthopedic surgeons.
• Chemotherapy: The use of drugs to prevent the growth and spread of cancer cells.
• Radiation therapy: The application of radiation to destroy cancerous cells or stop their growth.
• Immunotherapy: Boosting the immune system to fight against cancer cells.
• Bone marrow transplantation: Aiming to eliminate cancerous cells by transplanting bone marrow.
• Pain management: The treatment of cancerous bone and soft tissues can be painful. Therefore, pain management treatment is also used in oncologic orthopedics.
• Physical therapy and rehabilitation: Physical therapy and rehabilitation programs can be implemented to speed up the recovery process of patients following surgical procedures or other treatments.
Oncologic orthopedic treatment may involve one or more treatment methods depending on the patient's condition and treatment goals.