Oncological Surgery

Understanding Oncological Surgery: A Comprehensive Guide for Patients

A subspecialty of surgical oncology, oncological surgery is concerned with the surgical management of cancer. Its main objectives are eliminating malignant tissue and providing the patient with the best results. This handbook will cover the various facets of oncological surgery, including the different surgical procedures, the method of diagnosis and therapy, and the significance of postoperative care.

Cancer Diagnosis and Staging

Typically, a physical examination, imaging tests, a biopsy, and laboratory testing are used to make the cancer diagnosis. Once cancer has been diagnosed, the next step is to evaluate the disease's stage, which entails assessing the tumor's size and location as well as how far it has progressed throughout the body. The optimal course of treatment, including whether surgery is necessary, must be decided using this information.

Different types of oncological procedures exist, including the following:

  • Lumpectomy: A breast cancer tumor and a tiny quantity of surrounding tissue are removed during this type of surgery.
  • A mastectomy is a medical surgery in which the entire breast is removed.
  • Prostatectomy: The prostate gland, which is frequently impacted by prostate cancer, is removed during this procedure.
  • Pancreaticoduodenectomy: This procedure removes cancers from the pancreatic head.
  • Colectomy: During this procedure, the colon, frequently affected by colon cancer, is removed whole or in part.

Treatment Planning and Preparation

The next step is to create a treatment plan after a diagnosis has been made and the cancer's stage has been established. Depending on the patient's individual needs and the stage of their disease, this may involve a combination of surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. The patient will get a complete physical examination before the treatment and will be informed of any preoperative tests or procedures that may be required.

Surgery and Recovery

Depending on the nature and complexity of the treatment, the surgery itself is often carried out under general anesthesia and may take several hours to complete. The patient will be closely watched in the recovery area following surgery, and they may need to stay in the hospital for a few days. After being released from the hospital, the patient will need to go to follow-up consultations with their oncologist and might require additional therapies like radiation or chemotherapy.

Our Oncological Surgery Specialties

I am an oncological surgeon working in the Medicana Health Group facilities. I want to share with you the many types of oncological procedures we provide to our patients. Oncological surgery is a specialist discipline of surgery that focuses on cancer treatment. Its goal is to provide the best possible outcome for the patient.

• Surgical oncology: In this area of oncological surgery, the primary malignant tumor and its surrounding tissue are removed. This procedure is usually carried out when the cancer has not progressed to other bodily parts. The goal of surgery for cancer is to eradicate the disease, stop it from returning, and preserve as much healthy tissue as possible.

• Gastrointestinal oncology: This oncological surgery focuses on cancers of the gastrointestinal tract, such as those of the colon, esophagus, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and stomach. These operations demand specific knowledge and training since they are frequently complicated.

• Gynecologic oncology is a subspecialty of oncological surgery specializing in treating cancers of the female reproductive system, such as those of the uterus, cervix, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. Traditional open surgery or minimally invasive methods like laparoscopy or robot-assisted surgery can be used to accomplish these procedures.

• Thoracic oncology: This area of oncological surgery deals with treating tumors in the mediastinum, the esophagus, and the cancerous lungs. Due to the chest cavity's delicate architecture and intricate physiology, these surgeries call for specific training and knowledge.

• Head & Neck Oncology: This area of oncological surgery is dedicated to treating cancers of the mouth, tongue, throat, and larynx in the head and neck region. Due to the complicated interactions and anatomy of the various tissues in this region, these procedures can be complex.

To give our patients the best results possible, our team of skilled oncological surgeons at Medicana Health Group has received significant training and experience in performing these intricate surgeries. If you or a loved one has been diagnosed with cancer, we encourage you to get in touch with us to find out more about your possibilities for oncological surgery.

Postoperative Care

Postoperative care is a crucial component of the healing process. It entails controlling pain, boosting healing, and watching for complications. Following surgery, patients usually need to relax and refrain from excessive activity for a few weeks. They may also require physical therapy to help them restore their strength and mobility.

Cancer surgery is a complex and intricate discipline, but it also has the potential to save lives. Patients who collaborate closely with a committed group of oncologists and surgeons can get the best treatment available and experience the best potential results. We invite you to contact our staff at Medicana Health Group for a consultation if you or a loved one has been diagnosed with cancer and is thinking about having oncological surgery. Please get in touch with [email protected] or +90 850 4601010 to make an appointment.

Created at 15.06.2024 04:04
Updated at 15.06.2024 04:04
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