Understanding Oncological Surgery: A Comprehensive Guide for Patients
A subspecialty of surgical oncology, oncological surgery is concerned with the surgical management of cancer. Oncological surgery's main objectives are to eliminate malignant tissue and provide the patient with the best results. The various facets of oncological surgery, including the various surgical procedures, the method of diagnosis and therapy, and the significance of postoperative care, will be covered in this handbook.
Cancer Diagnosis and Staging
Typically, a physical examination, imaging tests, a biopsy, and laboratory testing are used to make the cancer diagnosis. Once cancer has been diagnosed, the next step is to evaluate the disease's stage, which entails assessing the tumor's size and location as well as how far it has progressed throughout the body. The optimal course of treatment, including whether surgery is necessary, must be decided using this information.
Different types of oncological procedures exist, including the following:
• Lumpectomy: A breast cancer tumor and a tiny quantity of surrounding tissue are removed during this type of surgery.
• A mastectomy is a medical surgery in which the entire breast is removed.
• Prostatectomy: The prostate gland, which is frequently impacted by prostate cancer, is removed during this procedure.
• Pancreaticoduodenectomy: This procedure removes cancers from the pancreatic head.
• Colectomy: The colon, which is frequently affected by colon cancer, is removed whole or in part during this procedure.
Treatment Planning and Preparation
The next step is to create a treatment plan after a diagnosis has been made and the cancer's stage has been established. Depending on the patient's individual needs and the stage of their disease, this may involve a combination of surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. The patient will get a complete physical examination before the treatment and will be informed of any preoperative tests or procedures that may be required.
Surgery and Recovery
Depending on the nature and complexity of the treatment, the surgery itself is often carried out under general anesthesia and may take several hours to complete. The patient will be closely watched in the recovery area following surgery, and it's possible that they'll need to stay in the hospital for a few days. After being released from the hospital, the patient will need to go to follow-up consultations with their oncologist and might require additional therapies like radiation or chemotherapy.
Our Oncological Surgery Specialties
I would like to share with you the many types of oncological procedures that we provide to our patients as an oncological surgeon that works in the Medicana Health Group facilities. The goal of oncological surgery, a specialist discipline of surgery that focuses on the treatment of cancer, is to provide the best possible outcome for the patient.
• Surgical oncology: In this area of oncological surgery, the main malignant tumor and its surrounding tissue are removed. When the cancer has not progressed to other bodily parts, this procedure is usually carried out. Surgery for cancer is to eradicate the disease, stop it from returning, and preserve as much healthy tissue as possible.
• Gastrointestinal oncology: This area of oncological surgery focuses on cancers of the gastrointestinal tract, such as those of the colon, esophagus, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and stomach. These operations demand specific knowledge and training since they are frequently complicated.
• Gynecologic oncology is a subspecialty of oncological surgery that specializes in treating cancers of the female reproductive system, such as those of the uterus, cervix, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. Traditional open surgery can be used to accomplish these procedures, or minimally invasive methods like laparoscopy or robot-assisted surgery can be used.
• Thoracic oncology: This area of oncological surgery deals with the treatment of tumors in the mediastinum, the esophagus, and the lungs that are cancerous. Due to the delicate architecture and intricate physiology of the chest cavity, these surgeries call for specific training and knowledge.
• Head & Neck Oncology: This area of oncological surgery is dedicated to treating cancers of the mouth, tongue, throat, and larynx that are located in the head and neck region. Due to the complicated interactions and complex anatomy of the various tissues in the head and neck region, these procedures can be difficult.
In order to give our patients the best results possible, our team of skilled oncological surgeons at Medicana Health Group has received significant training and experience in performing these intricate surgeries. If you or a loved one has been diagnosed with cancer, we encourage you to get in touch with us to find out more about your possibilities for oncological surgery.
Postoperative care, which is a crucial component of the healing process, entails controlling pain, boosting healing, and keeping an eye out for any complications. Following surgery, patients usually need to relax and refrain from excessive activity for a few weeks. They may also require physical therapy to help them restore their strength and mobility.
Cancer surgery is a difficult and intricate discipline, but it also has the potential to save lives. Patients who collaborate closely with a committed group of oncologists and surgeons can get the best treatment available and experience the best potential results. We invite you to contact our staff at Medicana Health Group for a consultation if you or a loved one has been diagnosed with cancer and is thinking about having oncological surgery. Please contact medic[email protected] or +90 850 4601010 to make an appointment.