MEDICAL SECOND OPINION

Leukemia Blood Cancer

What is done after the Diagnosis of Leukemia "Blood Cancer."

The first treatment is hospitalization, and the average length of stay is one month.

Since leukemia cells invade the body, normal cells are not found; healthy cells are supported by external reinforcement. While the patient is given healthy cells, the process is complicated since it is necessary to apply chemotherapy, and the chemotherapy that is given destroys good cells as well as bad cells.

At the end of one month, a small piece of the patient's bone marrow is taken to see if the bad cells have disappeared.

It takes about 15 days for a healthy cell to become healthy again. Since this period is critical, the patient is protected like a baby. Antibiotic treatment can be started, and masks can be used to prevent infection. Despite precautions, infection can occur. As a result of infection, The risk of death can reach 80-90%.

How is Bone Marrow Transplantation Performed?

In patients under 45 years of age, bone marrow transplantation is preferred if there is no response to salvage therapy. Stem cells in the bone marrow are the primary cells that provide the formation of cells in our blood. These cells are collected with a device and kept in the Apheresis unit until the day of the stem cell transplantation and transferred to the patient on the day of transplantation.

From whom is Bone Marrow obtained?

Bone marrow and tissue groups can be obtained from suitable siblings or rarely from other family members and from eligible unrelated donors through tissue banks. Another option is to freeze and keep the patient's bone marrow and give it when necessary. On the other hand, umbilical cord blood is the blood collected from the mother-stem cells-rich placenta of the newborn sibling.

What is done after Bone Marrow Transplantation?

The transplant day is determined, and the cells collected from the donor are given to the patient.

From the day of the patient's bone marrow transplant, it is expected to last until the thirtieth day. By the 30th day, the extent to which the cells taken have settled in the bone marrow is checked.

If this rate is over ninety-five percent, the patient is discharged.

With this type of transplant, patients are followed for a long time due to their susceptibility to infections due to the medications' effects. Patients are called for checks two days a week. In the next five-year period, checks are carried out monthly.

What is the Bone Marrow Transplantation Success Rate?

Bone marrow transplants are flourishing at a rate of 70 percent. But there is always a risk of recurrence of the disease. Chemotherapy treatment applied during the disease can also trigger another cancer disease. This is the most feared situation.

The European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation

Based on data, Medicana Bone Marrow Transplant Center operates ethically and patient-oriented at a level that will serve Turkey and the whole world. Our hospitals, where your bone marrow centers are located, are members of the "Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation" (EBMR).

Created at 11.10.2023 06:20
Updated at 21.05.2024 10:46
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