Eye Diseases

What are Eye Diseases?

Eye diseases are diseases that cause deterioration or complete loss of vision due to environmental, genetic or age-related factors. These disorders, which may occur in the eyes, which are among the most important and sensitive sense organs of the body, can affect the patient's life in an extremely negative way. While some eye diseases do not show any symptoms in their early stages, most eye diseases may present with one or more of the problems such as severe burning and itching, decreased or narrowed vision, inability to choose colors, excessive burrs, and discomfort from light.

Regular doctor check-ups are at the forefront of the measures that can be taken to prevent eye diseases. Many eye diseases can be treated in individuals who have regular check-ups and who start to receive the necessary treatment when the disease is in the early stages thanks to early diagnosis.

Which Diseases Does the Eye Diseases Unit Treat?


Cataract is an eye disease that occurs as a result of the lens of the eye losing its natural transparency and hardening and can cause loss of vision if left untreated. Although cataracts are mostly seen in middle-aged and older individuals due to advanced age, toxic substances, radiation, high-voltage electricity, genetic disorders and some drugs containing cortisone can also cause cataracts regardless of age. The only treatment for the disease, which manifests itself with symptoms such as sensitivity to light, decreased night vision, and fading colors, is performed by surgically removing the eye lens that has lost its function and replacing it with a new eye lens. In operations performed within 20-30 minutes with phacoemulsification surgery, the patient can regain a healthy vision from the first day.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a disease that occurs with the deterioration of capillary structures in the retinal layers of the eyes, mostly as a result of diabetes diseases lasting more than five years, although it can rarely be seen in young diabetics. Diabetic retinopathy, which is one of the main causes of blindness that can be treated in the world, often does not show any symptoms in its early stages. In order to prevent the progression of the disease at an early stage, diabetic patients should have regular eye examinations at least once a year.


Glaucoma or eye pressure is a disease that occurs as a result of damage to the optic nerves by high intraocular pressure and can cause vision loss in the later stages. The absence of any signs or symptoms in the early stages in the majority of patients makes it difficult to detect glaucoma. A family history of glaucoma, diabetes or goiter diseases in later ages, long-term use of cortisone, eye inflammation, myopia and migraine are the factors that increase the risk of glaucoma. It is extremely important for individuals in these risk groups to have regular eye examinations and have their intraocular pressure measured regularly in order to take early precautions against the disease. Since glaucoma causes destruction in the eye nerve cells that cannot regenerate, the disease cannot be completely cured, and the treatment process is carried out to keep the disease under control and to prevent the loss of vision. In the treatment of glaucoma, eye drops that reduce intraocular pressure are used daily and depending on the type of glaucoma, surgery or laser operation can be applied.


Strabismus is a continuous or occasional disease that occurs as a result of impaired eye synchrony due to incompatibility or deficiency in the muscles that provide parallelism between the eyes. In the treatment of strabismus, for which early diagnosis is extremely important, many different methods are used depending on the age of the patient and the condition of the disease. After a detailed eye examination, strabismus can be corrected with the use of special glasses, computer aided eye exercises or a surgical operation.

Lacrimal Duct Obstruction

Lacrimal duct obstruction is a disease that occurs when the tears, which are extremely necessary for cleaning the eyes and a healthy vision, cannot reach the nasal cavity through the tear duct. The disease, which is very important to diagnose at an early age, manifests itself with symptoms such as excessive watering in the eyes, frequent burrs and swelling at the root of the nose. While the treatment of lacrimal duct obstruction is provided by regular massages on the lacrimal sac located at the root of the nose in infants, probing, surgical intervention (DSR), or laser treatment is applied in adults depending on the condition of the disease and the individual.


Blepharoplasty, also known as eyelid aesthetics, is the surgical correction of sagging skin and muscle tissue in the eyelids due to aging of the skin. While blepharoplasty is mostly applied to individuals over the age of 35 who have partial vision loss as a result of skin sagging, it can be performed for any age group when needed.

Refractive Surgery

Refractive surgery is the process of permanently correcting visual defects such as myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism caused by incorrect refraction of light, with a surgical operation instead of using glasses or contact lenses. The methods used in refractive surgery, also known as laser eye surgery, are decided after a detailed eye examination and vary according to the individual's eye structure and visual defect. Individuals who do not have chronic disease, are older than 18 years, and have suitable corneal thickness and eye numbers can benefit from the benefits of refractive surgery.

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